January 2017

Tomiki Aikido is a form of modern Budo

Tomiki Aikido is a form of Modern Budo

What is Budo?
“Budo is a dynamic state of being and is based on the interrelationship of all things.“
Human beings are capable of sensing intentional actions. Intuitively human beings are able to detect easily a thinking movement. This means you are not supposed to move intentionally. The movement comes from a non-thinking state of mind (mushin).
Let's take throwing as an example.
It is necessary to have the strength and technique to throw but you cannot show a signal the action you are going to take. The skill is to be go under a person’s conscious reflex and not be noticed. In reality, it is not an easy thing to execute. We need to be able to be fully present and free of habitual thinking patterns or conditioned images that have been imprinted.
In Budo to practice these skills we do more than practicing patterns of movement.
Budo master Itō Ittōsai says. “ using our human intuition is the key to mastery of the sword.” which is the same thing we are saying when we say "to be moving not in habitual patterns.”
Itō Ittōsai Kagehisa (1560–1653) was a legendary yet mysterious Japanese swordsman never to have lost a duel. He is attributed as the founder of the Ittō-ryū ("one sword" or "one stroke") school of sword fighting.
In the old days there was no word such as “subconscious or neural pathways” but in modern time humanity has evolved to the point that we have identified them and understand to some degree how they work.
Master skills are capacities that we have within us as humans. It is however a process of learning and evolving one's spirit to be able to identify them and understand how they work within us.

What is Aikido?
Aikido is a generic term used to describe martial arts build around the concept of “aiki”. There are many definitions of the word “aiki”, but the central message is the idea to create a dynamic state of being where all things have an interrelationship.
Aikido consist of entering and/or turning movements. These movements need to be based on the freedom to move the spine. To create freedom we need to practise the movements of the spine.
Sometimes it is said, you have to use the hara or lower part of the central body.
The movements of the “hara” are in fact movements induced by the muscles attached to the spine by tendons. Using the word hara is a little misleading, it is better to use “koshi” or lower back.
It was written in a book on aikido by Tadashi Abe, there are only 3 methods to practise:

  • ashi sabaki (foot movements)
  • koshi sabaki (lower back movements)
  • te sabaki (hand movements)

Unfortunately in some aikido training systems, only ashi sabaki and te sabaki are taught. Using the koshi is a rather complex method to generate power and need special exercises to activate.
By using the spine, controlled by the “kyokotsu” or sternum we can generate power coming from the koshi.

To conclude, aikido is not about techniques but of body skills in a everchanging situation.
Acquiring skills is the objective of training.

Kihon Waza

Kihon waza

Judo Kodokan basic techniques :“The Gokyo no Waza, the standard syllabus of Judo throws originated in 1895. From 1920 to 1982 the Kodokan Gokyo no Waza was made up of 40 throws in 5 groups and these were all of the throwing techniques in the Kodokan syllabus. Later they added more. The “Gokyo” is used to teach Judo techniques to students.
Judo Kodokan Kata is the formal demonstration of judo techniques and principles.

Kenji Tomiki organised the most common aikido into a rational method. (organised late 60-ties)

Atemi waza
Shomen ate (1)
Ai gamae ate (2)
Gyaku gamae ate (3)
Gedan ate (4)
Ushiro ate (5)

Kansetsu waza
Hiji waza

U
de Hishigi
Oshi Taoshi (6)
Hiki Taoshi (7)
Waki Gatame (oshi taoshi) (8)
Waki Gatame (hiki taoshi) (9)
Ude Garami
Ude Gaeshi (10)
Ude Hineri (11)

Tekubi waza
Kote Hineri
Junte
(a)ai gamae (12)
(b)gyaku gamae (13)
Gyakute
(a)ai gamae (14)
(b)gyaku gamae (15)
Kote Gaeshi
Junte
(a)ai gamae (16)
(b)gyaku gamae (17)
Gyakute
(a)ai gamae (18)
(b)gyaku gamae (19)

Uki Waza Mae Otoshi (20)
Sumi Otoshi (21)
Hiki Otoshi (22)

This is not a kata, but it is a series of techniques for use in randori. Also note some of the techniques are not allowed during "competition" and will be marked as "illegal".
In the organisation of Tomiki Aikido techniques most of the techniques find their origin in "Daito Ryu Aiki Jujutsu", some of the techniques like "hiki taoshi" have their origin in other jujutsu, propably Tenjin Shin'yo Ryu. Some of the atemi waza have their origin in Kito Ryu as seen in Kodokan Koshiki no Kata.


Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū (天神真楊流) : The distinctive feature of this particular school is the use of atemi or strikes to disrupt the balance of the opponent as well as a more flexible and flowing movement of the body seen in some older schools of jujutsu.
Kitō-ryū (起倒流) : Kitō Ryū is translated as "the school of the rise and fall." It is similar to forms of aikijutsu including the principle of ki (energy) and aiki (Kitō Ryū teaches that "When two minds are united, the stronger controls the weaker"...). Equally, it uses principles such as "kuzushi no ri" or "breaking of balance".