Kihon Waza

Kihon waza

Judo Kodokan basic techniques :“The Gokyo no Waza, the standard syllabus of Judo throws originated in 1895. From 1920 to 1982 the Kodokan Gokyo no Waza was made up of 40 throws in 5 groups and these were all of the throwing techniques in the Kodokan syllabus. Later they added more. The “Gokyo” is used to teach Judo techniques to students.
Judo Kodokan Kata is the formal demonstration of judo techniques and principles.

Kenji Tomiki organised the most common aikido into a rational method. (organised late 60-ties)

Atemi waza
Shomen ate (1)
Ai gamae ate (2)
Gyaku gamae ate (3)
Gedan ate (4)
Ushiro ate (5)

Kansetsu waza
Hiji waza

U
de Hishigi
Oshi Taoshi (6)
Hiki Taoshi (7)
Waki Gatame (oshi taoshi) (8)
Waki Gatame (hiki taoshi) (9)
Ude Garami
Ude Gaeshi (10)
Ude Hineri (11)

Tekubi waza
Kote Hineri
Junte
(a)ai gamae (12)
(b)gyaku gamae (13)
Gyakute
(a)ai gamae (14)
(b)gyaku gamae (15)
Kote Gaeshi
Junte
(a)ai gamae (16)
(b)gyaku gamae (17)
Gyakute
(a)ai gamae (18)
(b)gyaku gamae (19)

Uki Waza Mae Otoshi (20)
Sumi Otoshi (21)
Hiki Otoshi (22)

This is not a kata, but it is a series of techniques for use in randori. Also note some of the techniques are not allowed during "competition" and will be marked as "illegal".
In the organisation of Tomiki Aikido techniques most of the techniques find their origin in "Daito Ryu Aiki Jujutsu", some of the techniques like "hiki taoshi" have their origin in other jujutsu, propably Tenjin Shin'yo Ryu. Some of the atemi waza have their origin in Kito Ryu as seen in Kodokan Koshiki no Kata.


Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū (天神真楊流) : The distinctive feature of this particular school is the use of atemi or strikes to disrupt the balance of the opponent as well as a more flexible and flowing movement of the body seen in some older schools of jujutsu.
Kitō-ryū (起倒流) : Kitō Ryū is translated as "the school of the rise and fall." It is similar to forms of aikijutsu including the principle of ki (energy) and aiki (Kitō Ryū teaches that "When two minds are united, the stronger controls the weaker"...). Equally, it uses principles such as "kuzushi no ri" or "breaking of balance".